Richard Paul Critical Thinking Pdf
Here are the most commonly used psycho- logical standards in human thinking. "IT'S TRUE BECAUSE 1 BELIEVE IT." Innate egocentrism: 1 assume that what 1 believe is true even though I have never questioned the basis for many of my beliefs. "IT'S TRUE BECAUSE WE BELIEVE IT."
Critical thinking is the analysis of available facts, evidence, observations, and arguments to form a judgement. The subject is complex; several different definitions exist, which generally include the rational, skeptical, and unbiased analysis or evaluation of factual evidence. Critical thinking is self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and self-corrective thinking. It presupposes assent to rigorous standards of excellence and mindful command of their use. It entails effective communication and problem-solving abilities as well as a commitment to overcome native egocentrism and sociocentrism.
The first is due to Richard Paul who gave a definition of critical thinking which looks rather different from the other definitions given above. It is: Critical thinking is that mode of thinking – about any subject, content or problem – in which the thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking by skilfully taking charge of the structures
labeled “Critical Thinking Problem.” The assumption made is that critical thinking is only needed when one comes across a complex task—the simple and everyday tasks not requiring critical thinking at all. We Must Foster Student Intellectual Engagement Within the Logic of the Disciplines All thinking occurs within, and across, disciplines